Understanding Hair Loss in London
Hair loss treatments in London
Every day 50 to 100 hairs fall out so do not worry as this is normal. However, if you are losing an abnormal amount of hair and you are worried, it is better to see a specialist because time is of the essence in tackling hair loss for men and for women.
The issue is that when you suffer from excessive hair loss, it will take time before it becomes visible with a naked eye. In fact, the average number of hairs on a scalp is 100 000 so you will not notice the issue straightaway. Here, we will try to give you a better understanding of the hair cycles, reasons for hair loss, and some hair loss treatments available at Nar London.
The Hair Cycles
It is widely accepted that the Hair is a four-stage cycle: It starts with an active growth cycle called the Anagen phase followed by a regression cycle called the Catagen phase, a resting phase called Telogen, and finally a shedding cycle called the Exogen phase.
On average, 85/90 percent of one’s hair is growing at any given time, while 10/15 percent is at rest. Normally, the growth cycle lasts from two to six years; resting takes about three months.
These stages of hair growth are studied in great depth to better understand how hair grows and what might be done to prevent or treat premature hair loss. The first three phases — anagen, catagen, and telogen — cover the growth and maturation of hair and the activity of the hair follicles that produce individual hairs. During the final phase, exogen, some hair sheds, but usually, new hairs are getting ready to take their place.
Each phase has its own timeline, which can be affected by age, nutrition, and overall health.
1. Anagen: Growing phase
First, the stages of hair growth begin with the anagen phase. In fact, this is the longest phase, lasting about 2 to 6 years and also known as the “active” or “growth” phase.
During the anagen phase, your hair follicles are pushing out hairs that will continue to grow (about half an inch each month) until they are cut or reach the end of their lifespan and simply fall out.
At any time, about 85/90% of the hair follicles on your scalp are in the anagen phase.
2. Catagen: Transition phase
Secondly, the catagen phase starts when the anagen phase ends, and tends to last about 10 days or so. During this cycle, hair follicles shrink and hair growth slows. The hair also separates from the bottom of the hair follicle, yet remains in place during its final days of growing.
Only about 5 percent of the hair follicles on your scalp are in the catagen phase at any given time.
3. Telogen: Resting phase
Thirdly, the telogen phase typically lasts around 3 months. An estimated 10 to 15 percent of your hair follicles are in this phase.
It is also called “resting” because the hairs don’t grow during the telogen phase, but they don’t usually fall out either. The telogen phase is also when new hairs start to form in follicles that have just released hairs during the catagen phase.
Many experts consider the telogen phase the shedding phase, as well, but many scientists have divided this stage into two parts: the telogen and exogen stages.
4. Exogen: Shedding phase
Finally, the exogen phase is essentially a “continuity” of the telogen stage of hair growth. During the exogen phase, hair is shed but losing 50 to 100 hairs per day is normal.
This cycle can last about 2 to 5 months, new hair follicles are growing, and “older” hairs fall away.
More than hair, it is about the follicle
The hair itself is dead: it is composed of dead keratinocytes, which are compacted into a fiber of incredible tensile strength, the hair shaft. The living part that matters is the follicle, in the scalp, from which the hair can spring. In fact, the hair follicle regulates hair growth via a complex interaction between hormones, neuropeptides, and immune cells. It resides in the dermal layer of the skin and is made up of 20 different cell types.
Several factors can cause hair loss
Hair loss affects both sexes with incidence increasing with age.
In men, male pattern-balding (androgenetic alopecia) is caused by the male hormone androgen and has a specific pattern of regression in the front and on the sides. Androgenetic alopecia is of significance in about 12 percent of men aged 25, 37 percent of men aged 35, 45 percent of men aged 45, and about 65 percent of men aged 65, increasing only slightly thereafter.
Its counterpart in Women called female pattern hair loss causes generally diffuse hair thinning. Hair thinning in women is commonly related to menopause and other age-related changes. This said women can also suffer from female-pattern baldness with hair becoming less dense and some part of the scalp may become visible.
Triggers for hair loss include (but are not limited to) everything from hormonal shifts, stress and emotional trauma, illness, overuse of hot tools or chemical treatments, diet, and, of course, ageing.
For everyone, ageing exacerbates the hair-loss problem. Hair strands become smaller and have less pigment. The cycles of hair follicles are exposed to a substantial number of extrinsic and intrinsic stressors. As the hair follicle sits deep within the dermis with its bulb residing in the hypodermis, some age-related changes in the surrounding scalp skin may disrupt the hair follicle’s normal cycles. Some evidence suggests that scalp skin aging and hair follicle aging go hand-in-hand.
Stress – primarily in the very severe forms accompanying high fever, surgery, or emotional trauma – can also trigger more of the rest cycle for hair than is normal.
Furthermore, we as can also count a variety of other factors such as diet and even tight hairstyle.
Indeed, damages or even destruction of hair follicles destruction can be the result of physical trauma, sustained burns, chronic hair-pulling; bacterial or viral infections. Additionally, hair loss results from dietary deficiencies, stress, drugs and even damaging hairstyles.
Diet is another critical factor because hair is 98 percent protein. The lack of protein may send hair into the resting phase, and, after a while, create substantial shedding. That is why, for instance, Vegetarians should look for nonmeat sources of protein.
It’s not the weight loss diet that causes hair loss per se but the fact that some people go for three to six weeks without adequate protein.
Hair needs particular vitamins, such as the B-group, and minerals, including zinc and iron (some women can lack iron by heavy menstrual bleeding). Therefore, you can look at a multivitamin supplement (with added minerals) and even take biotin shots (vitamin B7). However, beware that very high levels of vitamin A can potentially lead to hair loss.
Pregnancy & birth-control pills
During pregnancy or if taking birth-control pills, most of the hair is in the resting phase. After delivery, or quitting the pill, then the cycle returns to normal, meaning that hair that should have been shed before, now occurs. It is a natural phenomenon but nevertheless potentially stressful to women unprepared for this occurrence.
What causes hair miniaturisation?
Follicular miniaturisation is a phenomenon in which strands of hair become thinner, more brittle, shorter, and weaker with the natural succession of the hair growth cycle. Over time, this miniaturisation process leads to the appearance of thinner or dull-looking hair. Whatever the core reasons, hair miniaturisation is one of the most common conditions that can potentially lead to pattern baldness. This said this can be effectively treated however time is often of the essence. Therefore, it is important to act and be treated in order to slow and reverse follicular miniaturisation.
Common Causes of Hair Miniaturisation
Here below are some of the most common causes for follicular miniaturisation that can lead to the thinning and the loss of hair for both females and males.
This is the most common cause of hair miniaturisation. Indeed. androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a type of hair loss that is often genetically inherited. In this case, The follicular miniaturisation process typically begins as hair recedes from either temporal side of the head. And it creates an “M” shape for which male and female pattern baldness is most widely associated with. Additionally, it can also occur at the crown of the head. Furthermore, in some people, hair ceases to grow entirely leading to Alopecia Totalis (AT) i.e. complete baldness.
Telogen Effluvium (TE) is a phenomenon in which hair prematurely enters the resting phase. As we have seen above, this is called the Telogen phase of the hair growth cycle. Consequently, the affected area will appear to have less hair over time. And if hairs grow, they may become thinner and thinner, hence exhibiting hair miniaturization characteristics. The most common reasons associated with TE include stress, physical trauma, medications, and/or nutritional deficiency. TE is often temporary once the root causes are treated or with the passage of time.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is another common culprit of follicular miniaturisation. DHT is a special form of testosterone that is created when testosterone is synthesised by an enzyme called 5α-reductase. The rate and degree of DHT present in the scalp, differ greatly from person to person. High DHT levels can lead hair follicles to shrink over time and even cause the hair follicle to disappear. In sum, DHT can slowly make the hair follicle incapable of sustaining normal hair growth.
Like any other part of our body, hair follicles need nutrients. In order to grow, the follicles need the right intake of protein, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients like biotin.
Nutritional deficiency can cause follicular miniaturisation indirectly. The fact is that our body prioritises different organs and else for nutrients and the follicles are not on top of the list. The healthier you are, the greater the chances that the follicles will get nutrients. However, follicles will be the “collateral damage” if you have some health issues that will divert nutrients to other parts of your body.
As a golden rule, it is essential to eat a balanced and healthy diet. For hair look for food that includes protein, omega3-rich, gluten-free, vitamins E and C, biotin, iron, magnesium, and zinc. You can also have biotin shots to increase the intake of this necessary vitamin. Moreover, it is not only about eating healthily because what might appear good for you is not necessarily good for you. That is why we recommend having specific blood tests and potentially following an integrative health protocol so you can reach optimal health.
Well, that’s one we all have to experience. The ineluctable passing of time is perhaps the major cause of hair miniaturisation. There are several theories of aging; the two principal ones are the “wear and tear theory” and the “free radical theory”.
According to the wear and tear theory, there is a ceiling time for which our body cells can function efficiently, after which point they begin to gradually slow and stop due. On the other hand, the free radical theory states that body cells have enormous potential for sustained activity. However, humans experience only a tiny fraction of that potential due to the oxidative stress our cells experience on a daily basis. This include for instance UV light exposure, pollution, free radical, and stress. In both those theories, hair follicles become less able to sustain hair growth over time. Ultimately, leading to follicular miniaturisation, hair thinning, and hair loss.
WHAT TREATMENTS FOR HAIR LOSS IN LONDON?
It is a fact that to tackle receding hairline issues, the sooner the better. This said treatment of receding hairline depends on the cause. If a condition is related to a thyroid disease then the treatment would involve addressing the underlying cause. In the case is thyroid-related then we suggest booking an integrative health consultation at Nar London.
If hair loss is related to an immune disorder (such as alopecia areata) or other factors, platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) or Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) injections in the scalp may help. You can also combine these treatments with mesotherapy for hair for optimal results.
PLATELET-RICH PLASMA FOR HAIR
As discussed, the hair follows a cycle and it is normal to lose some hair however the issue is when the loss is excessive. Thankfully, PRP hair loss treatment is a safe, natural solution. The procedure involves injecting the scalp with platelet-rich plasma obtained from the patient’s own blood to restore miniaturised follicles and repair damaged tissues.
What Is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?
As mentioned, PRP (platelet-rich plasma) is obtained from the patient’s own blood. Thus, we draw a small sample of blood in a similar manner as with a routine blood test. The blood is then spun in a special centrifuge to separate out the platelets, which are rich in growth factors. In fact, these substances are essential for stimulating growth in living cells. The PRP substance has a “golden” liquid colour that we subsequently inject into the scalp area to stimulate hair growth and promote healing.
To find out more, we offer PRP treatment at Nar London.
Benefits of PRP for hair loss?
Indeed, we create the PRP solution thanks to the patient’s own blood, and hence the risk of running into any problems is very low. So, there is virtually no risk of cross-contamination or allergic reactions. This is one of the leading natural, non-surgical treatments for hair regrowth.
Let’s state that tackling hair loss takes time and there is no miracle cure. But the PRP solution helps boost the protein in the body which can naturally help produce stronger hair follicles on the scalp. Thus, when we inject the PRP substance into the scalp, it reinvigorates hair follicles, and the results are visible a few months after treatment. Naturally, please note that the results can vary from person to person.
Very Fast Recovery Time
As you know some surgical procedures like hair transplants take time to heal. On the other hand, the recovery time for PRP is quite fast. There is virtually no downtime and in some cases, there could be slight swelling that should last for 24 hours or so. Actually, most patients can go back to their daily activities right away after treatment.
PRP treatment at Nar London is usually not painful as we use the painless U225 Mesogun. Though, some patients may experience very mild discomfort, inflammation, or soreness but are temporary.
HAIR LOSS CLINIC LONDON
GET EXPERT HELP
No matter your age, a receding hairline, hair loss, or thinning hair can affect you emotionally and even undermine your confidence.
If you are concerned about hair loss or are considering hair restoration treatments we can offer advice and help to find the most suitable treatment course for you such as PRP.
Nar London located in Harley Street, London offers Hair Loss and non-invasive Hair Restoration treatments. We are a boutique clinic and we take time to truly care and strive to bring positive results for our patients as we deeply know how distressful hair loss can be. And that is why we offer consultation (£50 that can be redeemed against the treatment). We are looking forward to welcoming you.